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《JOURNAL OF GLACIOLGY AND GEOCRYOLOGY》 1996-01
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Mass Balance at the Steady State Equilibrium Line Altitude and its Application

Xie Zichu, Ding Liangfu, Liu Chaohai and Liu Shiyin (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 730000)  
Recently, a general concept that mass balance and its components versus altitude curves are stable have been widely accepted, so that the authors suggest, based on observations on many glaciers, that mass balance and its components at the steady state equilibrium line altitude ( ELA 0) equal their average values on a glacier respectively. Through statistic analyses of mass balance series of the glaciers in different mountains in the world, it is discovered that the ELA 0 does not substantially change, i.e., ELA 0 is not subject to the influence of climate change. If the glacier geometry not changes too much, observation, calculation and prediction can therefore be made based on ELA 0 level instead of whole glacier. Further analysing the relationship between ELA 0 and other glacial levels (such as ELA i, ELA a H med ), the anthors propose that the ELA 0 method can be applied to mass balance calculation and prediction on any glaciers without systematic observation.
【CateGory Index】: P343.6
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