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《Journal of Baoding Teachers College》 2001-01
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Guan Yu and Liu Yuan —— Guan Yu’ s Character Development

Hidetaka Otsuka (Japan Saitama Vniversity 134- 0088 Vrawa Japan)  
The ancient Chinese classic“ San Guo Zhi Ping Hua” ends with a story that the Jin Dynasty ended and Liu Yuan became the new Han Emperor.The Han Emperor’ s descendant Liu Yuan,captured the Jin Emperor.Huai Di,and executed him in front of the Liu Chan Temple to offer a sacrifice to his ancestors.Please note that this ending is different from that of the“ San Guo Zhi Yan Yi” (the General History of the Three Kingdoms). Liu Yuan was the founder of the Han Dynasty during the“ Five Tribes and Sixteen States” period,as discussed in the“ Wei History· Xiongnu Liu Cong Biography” (Liu Cong was Liu Yuan’ s son)edited by Wei Shou in North Qi Dynasty.The issue is also discussed in“ Jin History” edited by the scholar Fang Xuan- ling in the Tang Dynasty.According to the comparative study,the ending of“ San Guo Zhi Ping Hua” is based on the“ Jin History” (There are two or three editions of“ Jin History” that were published by Jian An publishors in Song and Yuan times).However,the editing of“ San Guo Zhi Ping Hua” was based not only on“ Jin History” ,but also on“ Zi Zhi Tong Jian” (the General Appreciation of National Management)and“ Zi Zhi Ji Shi Ben Mo” (the Whole Course of the Memorandum of the General Appreciation),both of which had been edited out of the original version of“ Jin History” The editor of the“ San Guo Zhi Ping Hua” also borrowed a character of the God of Dragon from“ Jin History· Liu Yuan Hai(Liu Yuan)Zai Ji” and incorporated it into the image of Guan Yu.Originally the Guan Yu and Liu Yuan’ s characters are almost depicted as one character’ s two sides.The character of Liu Yuan in“ Jin History” which concerns Guan Yu in“ San Guo Zhi” (the History of the Three Kingdoms)written by Chen Shou and annotated by Pei Song Zhi.In a word,Liu Yuan’ s long moustache image and his hobby of reading“ Zuo Zhuan” (the famous commentary by Zuo Chiu Ming on The Spring and Autumn Annals)were factored from Guan Yu’ s character,while Guan Yu’ s characteristics of the God of Dragon was borrowed from Liu Yuan.
【CateGory Index】: I207.411
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【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 LIU Guo-shi (East Asia Research Institute of Beihua University, Jilin 132033, China);Hanization on the Scholarship and Customs of Minority during the Period of the Sixteen Kingdoms[J];Journal of Beihua University;2005-01
2 LUO Jun (History Department,Chongqing College of Education,Chongqing 400067,China);CAUSES OF THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE HUNS REGIME IN THE PERIOD OF SIXTEEN KINGDOMS[J];Journal of Sichuan Teachers College (Social Science);2004-05
3 YU Dai-zong(College of Chinese Language and Literature,Fujian Normal University,Fuzhou 350007,China);The Romance of The Three Kingdoms:Narrative Rhetoric In Novels and Ideology[J];Journal of Fujian Normal University(Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition);2006-06
4 SONG Wen-cui (Education Department of Shandong Normal University,Jinan 250014,China);On the Personality Characteristic of Psychological Tactics Descriptive in the Three Kingdoms[J];Journal of Dezhou University;2006-04
5 JI De-jun;A cultural interpretation of the image of generals with literary grace in Chinese historical romances[J];JOURNAL OF GUANGZHOU NORMAL UNIVERSITY(SOCIAL SCIENCE EDTION);2000-01
6 LONG Jia-jie (College of Marxism, Hunan University, Changsha 410082,China);Belief in Guan-God and Worship of Morality[J];Journal of Hunan University(Social Science);2005-04
7 ZHANG Jun-fei(Department of History,Jiangsu Institute of Education,Nanjing, Jiangsu,210013,China);Cultural and Political Tendency of Sixteen Kingdoms from the View of Reign Title[J];Journal of Jiangsu Institute of Education(Social Science Edition);2007-01
8 Liu Haiyan (College of Literature,Fujian Nonnal University, Fujian Fuzhou 350001,China);The Distribution and Reception of the Image of Guan Yu[J];NANKAI JOURNAL;2006-01
9 ZHANG Xian-sheng (Zhongzhou Ancient Books Publishing House, Zhengzhou 450002, China);Unusual Book Without Peer-Story of Hongmo-and Guan Yu Worship in Luoyang[J];Journal of Luoyang Teachers College;2002-03
10 He Ningsheng;The Historical Effect of the Legal Systems of Ethnic States in the Period of the Sixteen Kingdoms[J];Ethno-National Studies;2006-02
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