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《Journal of Baoding University》 2012-05
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The Relationship Between Optimism and Temporal-self Cognition in Junior Middle School Students

Xia Dongli1,Zhang Huiying2,Gong Huoliang1(1.Department of Education Science,Henan University,Kaifeng 475004,China; 2.Department of Business Administration,Henan University,Kaifeng 475004,China)  
To explore the relationship between optimism and temporal-self cognition in junior middle school students,life orientation test and circle test were administered to 584 junior middle school students.Results showed that:(1)The levels of female's optimism were signifi-cantly higher than male's.There were no significant differences between only child and non-only child on optimism levels,the same as grade factor.(2)In terms of time dominance,the optimism levels of students towards future and balance were significantly higher than students to-wards past and present.In terms of time orientation,the optimism levels of future-oriented students were highest and past-oriented students low-est.In terms of time relatedness,there were no significant differences on optimism levels.According to these results,we can come to a conclu-sion that it is the future self but the present and past self that is the center of temporal-self cognition in junior middle school students with high optimistic levels.
【Fund】: 河南省哲学社会科学规划青年项目“青少年自杀意念的成因及干预”(2010CJY011)
【CateGory Index】: B844.2
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