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Characteristics of Cloud Systems and Environment of Persisting Rainstorms over Huaihe River Basin during the Summer of 2003

ZHENG Yongguang 2) CHEN Jiong 2) FEI Zengping3) WANG Hongqing3) ZHANG Yan 3) (2) National Meteorological Center of China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, 100081; 3) Department of Atmospheric Sciences, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing, 100871 )  
Based on the conventional observational data, NCEP final analysis and infrared images of GOES-9, the characteristics of cloud systems, large-scale environment, water vapor sources, and precipitation of persisting rainstorms over Huaihe River Basin during June 21-July 22 of 2003 were studied. This persisting-precipitation period can be separated to three stages, and the first stage has the maximum precipitation. The cloud systems are characterized by a large-scale cloud band associated with the Meiyu front and embodied smaller-scale active meso-scale complex systems (MCSs). According to the analysis from temperatures of black body (TBB) of infrared images, the MCSs with TBB less than -52℃ are the key synoptic systems caused heavy rains. It is found that there were 34 MCSs over Huaihe River Basin during June 21-July 22 of 2003. Most of these MCSs only locally occurred and dissipated over Huaihe River Basin and neighbor regions, and no MCS was found moving from Tibetan Plateau. In the lower troposphere, there are three currents transporting water vapor. One of the currents is from southwest. It crosses the equator and is most important for transporting water vapor. The second one is from South China Sea. It is the weakest one. The third is from the tropical Pacific Ocean to the east of Philippines.
【Fund】: “973”项目(2004CB418300);; 国家自然科学基金(40305004和40233036)资助项目
【CateGory Index】: P426.62
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