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《Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis》 2009-02
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Mineralogical Study on Inhalable Particles during the Haze Period in Winter Beijing

ZHENG Nan1,JI Ang2,WANG Hejin 1,XU Tingjing1,LI Ting11. School of Earth and Space Sciences,Peking University,Beijing 100871; 2. Shanghai Institute of Ceramics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Shanghai 200050;  
X-ray diffraction (XRD),laser Raman microprobe (LRM) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) were used to study the mineral and elemental component of atmospheric inhalable particles (PM 10 ) collected during the periods of haze day,normal day and the day after precipitation respectively in 2008 winter in Beijing. The concentration of PM 10 collected during the haze period is 262.7 μg/m3 ,and the pollution of PM 10 in the following day exceeds the national standard level Ⅱ. The results of XRD phase analysis indicates that the concentration of chloride of haze day is higher than that in the normal day,and the behavior of other crustal minerals are different from that of chloride. The total concentration of secondary aerosols in the haze day is 37.9%,higher than 30.6% of normal day,which shows the enhancement effected by the haze weather condition. Especially ammonium chloride,existing in all samples,its percentage decreased from 9.6% (haze day) to 5.9% (normal day). Moreover,the LRM individual particle analysis shows that the organic matter and sulphate minerals cover other minerals in the PM 10 of haze day,which means the mineral particles in the atmosphere become the convenient carrier for the pollutant material. Besides,the results of XRF elemental quantitative analysis are consistent with the results of XRD phase analysis,and it shows the concentrations of Al and Si decrease in the haze day,and S and Cl enrich in the haze period.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(40572032 40872034)
【CateGory Index】: X513
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