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Brief Analysis upon Definite Measure Word of Modern and Ancient Chinese Language

CHEN Fu (College for Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language, BNU, Beijing 100083, China)  
Definite measure word(DMW) is the kind of measure word which has the nature of companying and the function of indicating number. Though few in number,DMW has a long history, and it was once widely used in ancient Chinese language. In modern Chinese language, DMW has changed greatly. Its development can be dieided into three types: (1) Basic natures of DMW have not altered, but the range of companying has changed to some extent; (2) Some of DMW still belong to measure word but not DMW any more; (3) Some lost the natures of measure word and were eliminated from the category of measure word. Analyzing the reasons of development, we find out it is closely related to their original meanings and the cultural factors as well such as ancient institutions. Through the analysis of DMW\'s development, we could poke further into the research of this word category which embodies the characteristics of Chinese Language.
【CateGory Index】: H146.2
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