Theoretical and Empirical Comparison between Chinese and Western Personality Structure
WANG Deng feng, CUI Hong (Department of Psychology, Peking University, Beijing 100871; Dalian Air Force Inhabitation Institute, Shenyang Military District, PLA 116013)
This article was aimed at clarifying the differences between Chinese and Western personality structure and the availability of Western personality scales to be used in measuring Chinese. In accordance with the “lexical hypothesis" on personality structure and the cross cultural comparison strategy, the differences between Chinese and Western personality structures was valid and the limitations and suggested strategies were raised on modifying western personality scales. Chinese personality structure was consisted of seven dimensions, instead of five dimensions from western researches. It was hypothesized that the differences on explaining and classification of behaviours resulted the differences on personality structures between Chinese and Westerners. Further research proposals on this hypothesis were also discussed.