The Ethic of Responsibility and the Family Support in Beijing—An Analysis Based on the Data from the Survey Carried out in 1999 for the Demand of the Aged in Beijing
YANG Shan-hua, HE Chang-mei(Department of Sociology, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China)
There is great difference between the intergenerational relationship in China and the one in the Western countries. The difference of the mechanism of family support is the main cause because in China, we can not neglect the factors of culture and ethic which give impact on the family support but the Western people give explanation for the family support based on a theoretical hypothesis of "rational person". According to our data, the foundation of the real feasibility of family support is the ethic of responsibility of the aged for his or her children. It means that the pay from elderly people to their children is not considered to get repay from their children and elderly people ever rely on themselves as much as possible in three aspects of family support: economical support, care of daily life and communication of emotion in order to lighten their children's burden. So, family support does not mean children's equal feedback to their old parents while such people need other's help because of aging.