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《Journal of Peking University(Humanities and Social Sciences)》 2005-03
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An Examination of the Envoys from Different Countries Visiting the Ancient China

HE Fang-chuan (Department of History,Peking University,Beijing 100871,China)  
Ever since the West Han and the East Han Dynasties, the number of envoys from different countries visiting the ancient China have reached a new climax in the Tang Dynasty. The Ming and Qing Dynasties have reached the peak of the order of the Chinese and the Aliens. That how often these envoys came to China have been closely and directly connected with the rise and fall of the Chinese Empire, with its focus on its foreign policies, and with the envoys' various demands for their social development. The envoys to the ancient China have on compositive missions such as to establish, to maintain and to develop mutual political friendship and amity; to boost up economic trade relations and exchanges,to imbibe nourishment from the highly developed ancient Chinese civilizations.These envoys have always received amity and great generosity in the ancient China. They have functioned both as the bridges to the mutual communication of the Sino-foreign civilizations and as the carriers of the cultural communications. They have traveled afar and managed to arrive in China in spite of tribulations and hardships. They have presented and spread the achievements of the civilizations and thus have pushed forward the progress of human civilizations by contributing their worshipful hard labor.
【CateGory Index】: K207
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2 WU Xiao-ping(College of Sociology,ANU,Wuhu 241000,China);On the designation of envoys in the Song Dynasty[J];Journal of Anhui Normal University(Philosophy & Social Sciences);2005-05
3 Chen Yonghua;Trade between China and Southeast Asia during the South and North Song Dynasties[J];All-round Southeast Asia;2004-05
4 ZHENG Yuan long (Economics College,Fujian Normal University,Fuzhou 350007,China);On the Relation between Kirguises and the Dynasty of Central Plains in the Sui-Tang Era[J];Journal of Fujian Normal University(Philosophy and Social Sciences Edtion);2004-04
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6 CHENG Nina(College of Humanities, Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, 130012,China);On the Jimi Governing of Central Regime to the Khitan and Xi People Area in Tang Dynasty[J];Jilin University Journal Social Sciences Edition;2002-06
7 Wu Qingling;On Tribute-Trade System[J];Southeast Asian Affairs;2002-04
8 Zhuang Guo Tu;On the Illusiveness of Tributary System:a Case of the Tributary Relations between Ancient China and Southeast Asia[J];Southeast Asian Affairs;2005-03
9 Li Dalong and Li Yuan;Envoys and the Tang dynasty's administrative system in ethnic minority areas in borderland[J];ETHO-NATIONAL STUDIES;2000-01
10 Han Xiang;The Central Asians living in Chang' an in a compact community during the Tang dynasty and their being assimilated by the Han people[J];ETHO-NATIONAL STUDIES;2000-03
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