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《Journal of Peking University(Humanities and Social Sciences)》 2005-03
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An Examination of the Envoys from Different Countries Visiting the Ancient China

HE Fang-chuan (Department of History,Peking University,Beijing 100871,China)  
Ever since the West Han and the East Han Dynasties, the number of envoys from different countries visiting the ancient China have reached a new climax in the Tang Dynasty. The Ming and Qing Dynasties have reached the peak of the order of the Chinese and the Aliens. That how often these envoys came to China have been closely and directly connected with the rise and fall of the Chinese Empire, with its focus on its foreign policies, and with the envoys' various demands for their social development. The envoys to the ancient China have on compositive missions such as to establish, to maintain and to develop mutual political friendship and amity; to boost up economic trade relations and exchanges,to imbibe nourishment from the highly developed ancient Chinese civilizations.These envoys have always received amity and great generosity in the ancient China. They have functioned both as the bridges to the mutual communication of the Sino-foreign civilizations and as the carriers of the cultural communications. They have traveled afar and managed to arrive in China in spite of tribulations and hardships. They have presented and spread the achievements of the civilizations and thus have pushed forward the progress of human civilizations by contributing their worshipful hard labor.
【CateGory Index】: K207
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