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《Journal of Peking University(Philosophy & Social Sciences)》 2008-05
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The Global Meaning of Local Knowledge:On Area Studies and the Pursuit of Chinese Social Sciences in the 21~(st) Century

Ren Xiao(School of International Affairs,Fudan University,Shanghai 200433,China)  
All social science knowledge and theories are,to a large extent,local,or put another way,first and foremost local.However,local knowledge can have global meanings.Area studies point to a way that local knowledge is obtained and are thus an effective approach to the pursuit of knowledge.As a constructive way to combine social science research and area studies well,people need to depart from local reality rather than from bookishness or laws,and from real life rather from abstract rational choice assumptions.The way area studies attempt to gain knowledge epitomizes such an epistemology.Basing him or her own research on studying a particular country or region,it is possible for one to find "exceptions" to theories drawn from Western experience.It is exactly these "exceptions" that provide researchers with the possibilities to revise and further develop existing theories or to invent new ones.
【CateGory Index】: C12
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