The Change of Global Industrial Structure and Political Cleavages
Lei Shaohua;School of International Studies,Peking University;
Political cleavages are one of the main characteristics of world politics. In the era of globalization,political cleavages are mainly manifested in the increasingly serious political polarization within developed countries and in the widening development gap between developing countries and developed countries. Within the United States and the developed countries in Europe,conservatism and isolationism have flourished. Social solidarity has been torn apart and populism has been spread. At the international level,the United States is shaking off the existing international institution and order,while developing countries have become the backbone to safeguard the principal of global free trade. The global value chain has reconstructed the global industrial structure,resulting in the hollowing-out of manufacturing industries in the United States and the developed countries in Europe. And the democratic institution has been unable to support the change of industrial structure,which is the main reason for the internal political cleavages in developed countries.Although many developing countries have participated in the global labor division system and benefited from globalization,they have also been anchored in the low-end industrial structure. International relations have gone beyond the domains of geopolitics and traditional security. The main threat to developed countries comes mainly from developing countries' rapidly rising position in the global industrial structure. It will be a "new normal"in international relations that developed countries suppress emerging countries by controlling global value chains,kicking away the ladders for climbing and blocking the channels for ascending.
【CateGory Index】： F113;D50