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《Journal of Peking University(Philosophy and Social Sciences)》 2019-06
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Eight Groups of Key Official Positions: the Elites' Identity of Officialdom and its Institutional Channel in the Middle and Late Tang Dynasty

Liu Houbin;School of History,Renmin University of China;  
In the Middle and Late Tang Dynasty,family status,which had played a determinative role in the official selection system during the Southern and Northern Dynasties,gradually lost its realistic significance.Whether one was a former noble or a new aristocrat,he had to go through a new unified channel,so as to secure a higher official position and become a member of the political-social elite class. This new channel was not only the start of a palace graduate's promotion,but also a dynamic process through which was gradually formed a social ladder in the officialdom marked by the eight groups of key official positions(八俊) . The promotion of the eight groups of key official positions was a potential institutional channel for elite formation,and all the more an identity of officialdom with a hierarchical establishment. The formation of such an identity of officialdom required an official recommendation system,an official selection system and a bureaucracy,and simultaneously built a political culture,which in turn influenced the developmental process of the official recommendation system,the official selection system and the bureaucratic institution.
【CateGory Index】: D691.4;K242
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【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 3 Hits
1 YU Gang;Humanities and Communications College,Shanghai Normal University;;On SHEN Jiji's Proposals for Reforming the Ways of Selecting Officials through Imperial Examination in Tang Dynasty[J];山西大学学报(哲学社会科学版);2014-03
2 Wangsun Yingzheng;The Political Foundation of the State An Investigation on the Status of Shangshu under the Tang Dynasty's Zhongshu Menxia System by the Official Documents' Operation[J];历史教学(下半月刊);2012-12
3 YU Gang (College of Humanities and Communications, Shanghai Nonnal University, Shanghai, 200234, China);Principal Approaches Through Which Successful Candidates in the Highest Imperial Examinations in Tang Dynasty Became Officials and Characteristics of Such Approaches[J];上海师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版);2003-06
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 ;A Study on the Prime Ministers of the Shangshu Province in the Late Tang Dynasty[J];历史教学(下半月刊);2014-05
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