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Household Responsibility System, Behavior of Farmers and Environmental Problems in China's Agriculture

Wang Yuesheng  
AbstractThis paper discusses the impacts of institutional factors under the Household Responsibility System (HRS) on the environmental ecological problems in China's agriculture. The institutional factors refer to land property rights; relations between the government and household; and short term behavior of farmers in environmental protection. The author argues that the intrinsic weakness in land property rights and in the organization of production was the main reason for serious environmental ecological damages in the 1980s. On the basis of a case study of soil erosion, the author emphasizes that environmental ecological problems could be solved effectively only through improving the HRS and the role of the government, particularly through extending the duration and stabilizing the contract of land responsibility.
【CateGory Index】: F205,F205
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