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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 1955-01
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OXYGEN CONSUMPTION OF CTENOPHARYNGODON IDELLUS HYPOPHTHALMICHTHYS MOLITRIX AND ARISTICHTHYS NOBILIS

CHEN, NING-SHEN AND SHIH, CHUAN-FANG Institute of Hydrobiology, Academia Sinica  
The oxygen consumption of some pondfishes—Ctenopharyngodon idellus, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and Aristichthys nobilis has been investigated. The results thus obtained are summarized as follows:The oxgen consumption of the fingerlings of the above-mentioned fishes, which weigh 0.4—1.7 gm, is on average 0.325 to 0.532 mg/gm/hr at a temperature varying between 28.5℃ and 31.7℃; that of the yearlings of these fishes with body weight of 38.9 to 172.3 gm. is 0.161 to 0.264 mg/gm/hr at a temperature of 26.3—30.5℃; and that of Ctenopharyngodon of two years old, weighing 1103—1355 gm., is 0.139 to 0.151 mg/gm/hr at 21—23.5℃. In the same species of fishes, oxygen consumption decreases as the age or the body weight increases. This indicates that the younger fish require higher oxyen consumption than do the older ones.It was found that the rate of oxygen consumption of a fish is directly proportional to the temperature of the water; thus oxygen consumption increases as the water temperature rises. The rate of oxygen consumption of Aristichthys nobilis in the winter season is only 1/6 of that in the summer. Differences in the rate of oxygen consumption among these species of fishes were also noticed. The rate of oxygen consumption in Hypophthalmichthys molitrix is higher than in Aristickthys nobilis, and that of the latter is still higher than that of Ctenopharyngodon idellus
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