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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 1975-02
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STUDIES ON THE EPIDEMIOLOGY OF MONIEZIASIS (MONIEZIA EXPANSA) AND THE BIOLOGY OF ITS NATURAL VECTORS

LIN YU-KWANG, Ho YU-CHEN, SUNG YU-LAN (Parasitological Besearch Laboratory, Amoy University, Fukien)  
The common anoplocephalic tapeworm, Moniezia expansa (Rudolphi, 1810), produces a serious menace to sheep, goats and cattle, and is the cause of a great financial loss in endemic areas. One of us, in a previous publication (Lin, 1962), reported experimental studies with regard to the life cycle of this tapeworm. The present communication reports on the epidemiology of monieziasis of goats in Sieng-Yu district, coastal Fukien, where the animals suffer heavy infection. The present work aims to ohtain some precise information on the biologic and ecologic factors, which we considered, may possibly determine the seasonal incidence of this disease. The authors attempt to formulate a plan of control for the eradication of this disease in the endemic areas.There were 16.52% of goats infected with M. expansa as shown by fecal examinations of 1011 goats, in Sieng-Yu region during 1966-1967. At the same time, post mortem examinations were also made on 723 goats slaughtered, and there were only 4.27% of them infected with monieziasis. The lower rate of infection in goats slaughtered than those examined in their natural environment may be explained by the fact that nearly all adult animals were immune and they can resist reinfection after having been infected during the early age.In the study of seasonal incidence, it was found that the earliest infection of goats occurred in the beginning of March, while the peak of incidence was reached in May and June. The incidence fell down from August to winter months. Such pattern may be attributed to the fact that the lambs, which were all newly born at the beginning of early spring, grazed on the contaminated pasture and being without immunity became heavily infected with this tapeworm. Due to infection the growing young and adolescent goats, however, soon acquired immunity and began to expell the parasites. Thereby the incidence of the whole flock became greatly reduced in later part of the year.The age incidence of Moniezia expansa was studied during 1966-1967. Inquires were made on 109 infected goats from the endemic areas to recorde their ages. It was found that majority of the infected ones belonged to 2-5 months age group with incidence up to 66%, and that animals more than six months old were but rarely infected.A quantitative survey on the species of oribatid mites from pastures in the endemic areas of Sieng-Yu district was carried out during 1966-1967. There were found 11 species of oribatid mites belonging to 7 families and 8 genera, of which 6 species were known to be natural vectors of M. expansa. The natural infection with cys-ticercoids varied from 0.05% to 0.65%. The Moniezia cysticercoids were found in the following species, e. g. Scheloribates chanhani, S. laevigatus, Galumna longipluma, G. curvum, G. virginiensis and Oribatella sp. Three of them, namely Scheloribates chauhani, S. laevigatus and Galumna longipluma had been formerly proved as experimental vectors of M. expansa in Foochow, and the other three species were new vectors from China. Three of them, namely S. chauhani, S. laevigatus and G. vir-gimensis were proved to be the optimum vectors indicated by their largest number, wide distribution, and higher infection-rates.A quantitative survey on the density of Schcloribates chauhani, S. laevigatus and G. sp. was carried out in Foochow during 1964-1966. There were two peaks of mite-numbers in their seasonal distribution. The first peak was found in October. The number fell down from November to March of the next year. The second peak was in April to June. In these three months, a higher level also persisted. The seasonal incidence in mite-numbers was thus found to vary tremendously with the condition of environment, particularly the climate. October is the most favorable season, while in months from December to March the cold and dry weather prevailed, reducing a large number of living mites. From April to June, the weather became favorable again with the increase of their numbers, while in July a great majority of oribatid mites disappeared. They were probably killed
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【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 9 Hits
1 LIN YUGUANG GUAN JIAZHEX WAX PENGPENG YAXG WEXCHUAN (Parasitology Research Laboratory, Xiamen University);STUDIES ON THE DEVELOPMENTAL CYCLE OF PARANOPLOCE. PHALA RYJIKOVISPASSKY, 1950 IN THE INTERMEDIATE HOST[J];Acta Zoologica Sinica;1982-03
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【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 YU-KWANG LING;STUDIES ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF MONIEZIA EXPANSA (RUDOLPHI, 1810) AND ITS INTERMEDIATE HOSTS IN FUKIEN, CHINA[J];;1962-02
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 5 Hits
1 LIN YUGUANG GUAN JIAZHEX WAX PENGPENG YAXG WEXCHUAN (Parasitology Research Laboratory, Xiamen University);STUDIES ON THE DEVELOPMENTAL CYCLE OF PARANOPLOCE. PHALA RYJIKOVISPASSKY, 1950 IN THE INTERMEDIATE HOST[J];Acta Zoologica Sinica;1982-03
2 LIN TUOUANG GUAN JIAZHEN WANG PENGPBNG YANG WENCHUAN(Parasitology Research Laboratory,Xaimen,Uninersity);ON THE DEVELOPMENTAL CYCLE OF THE MARMOT CESTODE, PARANOPLOCEPHALA TRANSVERSARIA (KRABBE, 1879), IN THE INTERMEDIATE HOST[J];Acta Zoologica Sinica;1982-04
3 LIN YUGUANG JlAN XUELIAN GUAN JIAZIlEN WANG PENGPENGZHANG CHUIGE YANG WENCHUAN(Parasitology Research Laboratory, Xiamen University);STUDIES ON THE ANOPLOCEPHALATE CESTODES AND THE ORIBATID MITE VECTORS OF MONIEZIA IN AR-BAR COUNTY, SICHUAN PROVINCE[J];Acta Zoologica Sinica;1983-04
4 LIN YUGUAKG HONG LIXGXIAN (Parasitology Research Laboratory,, Xiamen Universty);STUDIES ON THE LIFE CYCLE OF CTENOTAENIA CITELLI (KIRSHENBLAT) AND MOSGOVOYIA PECTINATA (GOEZE)[J];Acta Zoologica Sinica;1986-02
5 WANG LIZHEN ZHENG JINGHONG WANG XINHUA(Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Reclamation)WANG HUIFU(Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica)LIU MINGDONG(Xinjiang 124th State Farm);ECOLOGY OF ORIBATID MITES IN THE PASTURE OF XINJIANG 124TH STATE FARM, KUITUN, XINJIANG[J];Acta Zoologica Sinica;1988-01
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Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 HE YIXUN LIN YUGUAN AN GENGJIU MA JINXIN 1)Institute of Parasitic Diseases(Shanghai), Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. 2)Parasitology Research Laboratory, Xiamen University, Fujian Province. 3)Departmet of Parasitology, Wannan Medical College, Anhui. 4)Shanghai Institute of Entomology, Academia Sinica.;SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPIC OBSERVATIONS ON TWO SPECIES OF LUNG FLUKES, PARAGONIMUS OHIRAI AND EUPARAGON1MUS CENOCOPIOSUS[J];Acta Zoologica Sinica;1982-01
2 LIN YUGUANG GUAN JIAZHEX WAX PENGPENG YAXG WEXCHUAN (Parasitology Research Laboratory, Xiamen University);STUDIES ON THE DEVELOPMENTAL CYCLE OF PARANOPLOCE. PHALA RYJIKOVISPASSKY, 1950 IN THE INTERMEDIATE HOST[J];Acta Zoologica Sinica;1982-03
3 LIN TUOUANG GUAN JIAZHEN WANG PENGPBNG YANG WENCHUAN(Parasitology Research Laboratory,Xaimen,Uninersity);ON THE DEVELOPMENTAL CYCLE OF THE MARMOT CESTODE, PARANOPLOCEPHALA TRANSVERSARIA (KRABBE, 1879), IN THE INTERMEDIATE HOST[J];Acta Zoologica Sinica;1982-04
4 LIN YUGUANG JlAN XUELIAN GUAN JIAZIlEN WANG PENGPENGZHANG CHUIGE YANG WENCHUAN(Parasitology Research Laboratory, Xiamen University);STUDIES ON THE ANOPLOCEPHALATE CESTODES AND THE ORIBATID MITE VECTORS OF MONIEZIA IN AR-BAR COUNTY, SICHUAN PROVINCE[J];Acta Zoologica Sinica;1983-04
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1 LI Chao-pin1,Wang Jian1,Zhu Yu-xia1,Gui He-rong2,Hu Yu-biao2(1.School of Medicine,Anhui University of Science and Technology,Huainan 232001,China;2.Department of Resources and Environment,Anhui University of Science and Technology,Huainan 232001,China);Relationship between oribatid mites and plumbum in soil[J];Journal of Anhui University(Natural Sciences);2007-02
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