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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 1979-02
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OBSERVATIONS ON THE EMBRYONIC AND LARVAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE BACKCROSS HYBRIDS OF ARISTICHTHYS NOBILIS (?)×A.NOBILIS (?)×HYPOPHTHAIMICHTHYS MOLITRIX(?))(?)

ZHANG ZHONGYING, CHOU QIANRD, HU MEI, LIN KEHONG (Chang-Jiang Fisheries Research Institute)  
Observations were made on the embryonic and larval development of the back-cross hybrids of bighead (Aristichthys nobitis)×[bighead×silver carp (Hy-pophalmichthys molitrix)]The fertilized eggs developed normally,and hatched in 26 hours and 30 minutes,at a temperature of 22-24℃.The larvae developed normally,and the malformation rate is low.Based on morphological characteristics,the developmental process of the embryos of the backcross hybrids may be divided into 21 stages;of the larvae,beginning with the newly hatched prelarvae to the young form covered with scales,7 stages.In comparing the backcross hybrids with the bigheads with respect to their developmental characteristics the following differences were observed: (1) The backcross hybrids (15.0-25.0mm in body length) 80-108 gillrakers on the first arch in the left side,16-17 gillrakers per mm arch;the bigheads (15.0-25.0mm in body length) 53-80 gillrakers.14 gillrakers per mm arch;(2) The backcross hybrid-head length 31.9-36.0% of body length;the bigheads 32.3-38.9%.The hatching process was also under observation.It is suggested that the larvae in the airbladder aerating stage,namely,2-day-old larvae,may be reared in ponds.
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