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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 1981-01
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RECOGNITION AND UTILIZATION OF THE RHYTHMS IN ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY IN ANCIENT CHINA

ZHANG BInGLUN (Institute of History of Natural Science, Academia Sinica)  
The rhythms in animal physiology came under observation in China quite early.Four thousand years ago,vernal equinox has been determined by the annual periodicity of swallow's migration.The Chinese calendar Xia Xiao Zhend was formulated on the fact that the annual periodicity is one of marks of the rhythmic activity in animal behavior and plant growth.There is a significant statement on the lunar periodicity in Lu Shi Chun Qiu that '' Oyster becomes full when the moon ie full but empty at a new moon." That the tide is characterized by the biological rhythms on tides in written form appeared at least as early as Jin dynasty.In Sung dynasty emerged the law that "a tide brings a ring" to the shell of the oyster.The following years produced further advances and the involved data were accumulated more and more.The paper presents a brief review of investigations on biological rhythms in ancient China.
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