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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 1981-03
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A COMPARISON OF SNAKE VENOM ELETROPHORETOGRAM OF AGKISTRODON SPECIES IN CHINA AND THEIR VALUE IN SNAKE TAXONOMY

ZHAO ERMI WU GUANFU(Chengdu Institute of Biology, Academia Sinica)WU XIANGFU CHEN YUANCHUNG (Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry, Acaclemia Sinica)JIANG MINGSHI ZHANG JINgKANG HSU KE (Shanghai Institute of Physiology, Academia Sinica)  
Slab polyacrylamide gel eletrophoresis in alkaline pH had a high separating power in snake venom of Agkistrodon species which was composed chiefly of neutral and acidic proteins.Good duplicate results were obtained.No apparent differences on the electropno-retogram were observed in the venom from the same species (or subspecies) in different regions,or from the same region in different seasons.It was suggested that this method may be used for the determination of phylogenetic relationship of snakes.Slab polyacrylamide gel eletrophoresis of venoms of the known six species of the genus Agkistrodon (sensu stricto),exclusive of A.monticola Werner,in China had been made.According to the electrophoretograms,there were distinct differences among the various species mentioned above not only in number of bands but also in their mobility as well as in their quantities of the corresponding components.The snake venom electrophoretograms of A.blomhoffii brevicaudus Stejneger,A.b.ussuriensis Emelianov and A.b.blomhoffii (Boie) each had 22 to 24 bands,of which few bands were the anterior-margin bands.There were distinct differences of bands in mobility and in quantity among these subspecies.The results showed that the snake venom electrophoretogram supported the conclusion about subdivision of A,blomhoffii (Boie) by morphological taxonomy.The snake venom electrophoretogram of A.intermedius (Strauch) from Nelka,Xinjiang had 16 to 18 bauds,without the anterior-margin band.In comparison with the electrophoretogram of the proceeding three subspecies of A.blomhoffii (Boie) and A,intermedius (Strauch) there are distinct differences.In addition to these differences there are also differences in morphological characteristics.The authors are,therefore,of the opinion that A.intermedius (Strauch) is a distinct species which differs from A.blom-hoffii (Boie).
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