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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 1983-03
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TAXONOMY AND PHYLOGENY OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES OF THE GOLDFISH (CARASSIUS AURATUS) IN CHINA

WANG CHUNYUAN LI YANLING(Institute of Genetics, Academia Sinica, Beijing)  
The domestication of goldfish, originated in China in Jin Dynasty (265-420), has a history of over one thousand years. Now there are about two hundred varie ties of goldfish in China-Owing to the lack of a satisfactory sytem of nomenclature, the names of the different varieties have been in a stage of great confusion.In the present study, attempts are made to formulate a system of nomenclature for the different varieties of the goldfish. Firstly, we have tried to use body form and the presence or absence of dorsal fin as the oriferia to classify them into three groups: (1) Grass goldfish body form narrow and long as the wild crucian carp; (2) Dorsal-fin goldfish body form round and short and possessing a dorsal fin; (3) Egg goldfish Without a dorsal fin. Secondly, on the basis of specific characters as well as a combination of different characters, they are classified into different strains. Thirdly, nomenclature is given on the basis of colour difference.An attempt is also made to consider the interrelationships amony the different strains of the goldfish.
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