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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 1984-01
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COMPARATIVE STUDIES OF THE SOMATIC CELL AND SPERMATOZOON DNA CONTENTS AND PLOIDY OF FANGZHENG CRUCIAN CARP AND ZHA-LONG LAKE GOLDFISH

SHEN JUNBAO PAN ZHAOTING(Heilongjiang Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Aquatic Scienecs.Harbin)LI SUWEN CHENG RUXUAN XUE SHAOBAI (Department of Biology, Beijing Normal University. Beijing)  
The Crucian carp (Carassius auratus gibelio) inhabiting in the Shuangfeng reservoir of Fang-zheng county and the goldfish (C. auratus auratus) living in the Zha-long take are both bisexual populations. The mature males of the two populations produce normal sperms. The chromosomes preparations were made from leucocyte cultures. Results of examinations indicated that the Crucian carp had a chromosomal number of 156, while the goldfish had 100. With the method of Feulgen staining, through cytophotometric measurements, the DNA contents of the erythrocyte and spermatozoon had the average values 112.81 and 57.57 AU respectively in the Crucian carp and the average values 77.22 and 37.57 AU respectively in the goldfish. A proportion of the erythrocyte and spermatozoon DNA contents of the Crucian carp is 1.96:1 (≈2C:1C) and the goldfish is 2.06:1 (≈2C:1C). The result of this study showed that both the Crucian carp with 156 chromosomes and the goldfish with 100 chromosomes could finish meiosis. Therefore, it can be concluded that the goldfish is a diploid (2N=100, N=50) and the Crucian carp is a diploid (2N=156, N=78) too, rather than triploid.
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