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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 1985-02
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THE DISTRIBUTION TENDENCY OF LAND MAMMALS IN CHINA AND ADJACENT AREAS

ZHANG RONGZU (Institute of Geography Academia Sinica)LIN YONGLIE (Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica)  
The distribution tendency of land mammals, except the bats, of China and adjacent areas has been examined using Terent'ev's quadrate technique (1963). Two broad patterns can be classified :1, Tending to be more even as a vicariance pattern (Lepori-dae, Pholidota, Myospalaeinae); 2, Concentrating in. given regions with the highest diversity areas coinciding with the four relatively extreme climate regions: (a) Heung-duan Mountains (most of the groups); (b) Northeastern Asia (Sorex, Microtus, Cle-thrionomys): (c) Central Asia (Dipodidae, Gerbillinae, Procapra); (d) Southern Asia (Primates, most Insectivora, Viverridae).The gradient of species densities of the mammals shows in Fig. 1. Of the various groups, the gradients show a general tendency related respectively to the trends of crucial climatological variable existing in each of the three natural divisions in the continent (Pig. 2-5).A graph compiled by Schilder's method (1959) indicates the relationships and specific affinities between the zoogeographical regions and subregions of the areas studied (Fig. 6).
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