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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 1986-04
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A NEW SPECIES OF OCHOTONA, OCHOTONIDAE, LAGOMORPHA

LI WEIDONG(Ili Prefecture Health and Anttepidemic Station, Xinjiang)MA YONG(Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica)  
A new species of Ochotona was colleted from Tianshan Mountain, Nilka, Xinjiang in 1983 and 1985, the authors propose it to be named as: Ochotona iliensis Li et Ma sp. nov.Holotype: No 83001, ♀, ad., collected from Nilka County, Xinjiang, alt. 3200 m. on Aug. 5. 1983.Paratypes: No 85003, ♂, ad. and No 85004, ♀, subad., collected from the same locality as the holotype, alt. 3300 m. on Aug. 13 and 14, 1985. The holotype and paratype No 85004 are preserved in the Ili Prefecture Health and Antiepidemic Station, Yining, Xinjiang. The paratype No 85003 is preserved in the Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica, Beijing.Diagnosis: The general colour of 0. iliensis is relatively bright. There are big rusty-red spots on the forehead and the crown, as well as on the sides of the neck. The neck spots are connected in the throat. The colour of hairs behind the ears and on the nape is pale.The size is rather large, the total length of sdult animal is more than 200 mm. and the greatest length of skull is more than 45 mm. The ear and hind foot in length are the largest found in the genus.The incisive and palatal foramina are widely confluent, forming a single pear-shaped opening, and the vomer is completely discovered. There is not a small oval foramen in the anterior end of each frontal. The interorbital breadth amounts to 5.3mm which is longer than 11% of the condylobasal length of the skull.Remarks: The incisive and palatal foramina of 0. iliensis are widely confluent, forming a single pear-shaped opening and the vomer is completely discovered. According to Ellerman and Morrison-Scott (1951) the new species belongs to subgenus Ochotona. There are altogether 11 named species of this subgenus in the World, including 10 species distributing in China and nne inhabiting in USSR, Afghanistan and Iran (Feng and Zheng, 1985; , 1964).The present new species is clearly distinguished from O. roylei and O. macratis by its frontal without a small oval foramen, and from some small-sized and middle-sized pikas such as O. thibetana, O. cansus, O. thomasi, O. forresti and O. himalayana by its big size. Only O. koslowi, O. rufescens and some older individuals of O. daurica and O. curzoniae are similar to O. iliensis in size.According to (1964) O.koslowi is distinguished from 0. iliensis by its head and body length being bigger than 240 mm; the zygomatic width being 25.3-27.2 mm and by the interorbital area of the skull highly arching and being narrow with only 3.2-3.3 mm in width. By its bright colour in summer fur and rusty-red spots on the forehead and sides of the neck the new species completely differs from O. daurica, O. curzoniae and O. koslowi, but similar to O. rufescens. However, according to (1964) the interorbital area of O. iliensis is much widder and smoother than that of 0. rufescens; the nasal of O. rufescens is much shorter than the seam between the f rentals in length, and evidently narrow in their hind part, but that of 0. iliensis appoaches or slightly exceeds the seam in length, and do not evidently narrow in the hind part. Besides, the length of the upper cheek teeth of O. iliensis is shorter than that of O. rufescens.Finally the new species is markedly distinguished from all named forms of genus Ochotona by its ear and hind foot being the largest in length (see Table 2).
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【References】
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【Citations】
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1 FENG TSO-CHIEN (Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica, Pelting);A NEW SPECIES OF OCHOTONA (OCHOTONIDAE, MAMMALIA)FROM MOUNT JOLMO-LUNGMA AREA[J];Acta Zoologica Sinica;1973-01
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2 WU Xiao-Dong ① FU He-Ping ① SU Ji-An ① CHEN Shan-Ke ② WANG Chang-Ming ② YANG Zong-Shan ② ZHANG Chun-Feng ②(①The Ecological and Environmental College of Agricultural Univeisity of Inner Mongolia Huhhot 010018; ②The Grassland Resear;The New Area of Distribution of Two Small Mammals in China[J];Chinese Journal of Zoology;2002-02
3 LI Wei-Dong(Xinjiang Academe of Environment Protection, Urumqi 830011,China);The Discovery and Research on Ili Pika (Ochotona iliensis)[J];Chinese Journal of Zoology;2004-01
4 ZHANG Yu Jiang ① SUN Su Rong ② ZHANG Fu Chun ② KANG Rui ② LIU Ling ② ZHANG Da Ming ② (① Xinjiang Centre of Disease Prevention and Control,Urumuqi 830002; ② Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology,School of Life Scince and Techology,Xinjiang University,Urumuqi 830046,China);Study on Population Structure of Lagurus lagurus with Decline of the Qunantity in Mori County,Xinjiang[J];Chinese Journal of Zoology;2004-03
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6 ZHAO Deng ke 1 , LIANG Wei guo 2 (1. Pests Control Station of Tacheng ,Xinjiang Tacheng 834700,China; 2. Grassland Station of Tacheng, Xinjiang Tacheng 834700,China);The Analysis and Control of Grassland Rat Destruction in the Tacheng Xinjiang[J];Grassland and Turf;2002-02
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8 Zhang Honghai; Zhang Peiyu;Zhang Chengde (Department of Biology. Qufu Normal University. Qufu 273165. P. R. China) Chen Zhongwen (Programming Bureau of Honggang District of Daqing City) Liu Jike (College of Life Science. Zhejiang University);The Life-history Traits of Plateau Pika (Ochotona curzoniac)[J];Journal of Northeast Forestry University;2000-05
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10 Guo Zai - xuan, et al (Institute of Plateau Medical Science of Qinghai Province);STUDIES ON NATURAL FOCALIZATION OF HYDATIDOSIS——Ⅰ. DEMONSTRATION OF OCHOTONA CURZONIAE HODGSON AS INTER-MEDIATE HOST OF ECHINOCOCCUS GRANULOSUS[J];Endemic Disease Bulletin;1986-02
【Co-references】
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【Secondary References】
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