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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 1988-01
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THE POPULATION FLUCTUATION OF PADDY-FIELD WOLF SPIDERS

WU LIULAI(Department of Biology, Changsha Teachers' Collegf of Water Conservancy and Electric Power)WANG HONGQUAN YIN CHANGMIN(Department of Biology, Hunan Normal University, Changsha)  
This paper reports on the annual population fluctuation of paddy-field wolf spiders and its effected factors. There were four falls of the numbers occuring respectively in the low temperature period of the last ten days in January; the spring ploughing; the summer harvesting and planting, and the autumn harvesting and sowing. In the early-rice and late-rice paddy fields, the highest peak of numbers of wolf spiders appeared respectively on July 10th with 296,000 individuals per hectare and Septemper 11th with 345,000 individuals per hectare. The factors that effected on the population fluctuation of wolf spiders were the low temperature in winter, the rising of the temperature in spring; large-scale agricultural activities in farming seasons, and the increase of food of spiders and application of insecticides during the growing season of rice. The present paper shows that the reproduction of wolf spiders was normally corrlated to the increase of planthoppers, and the effects of spiders on controlling pests are obvious.
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