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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 1988-04
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THE KARYOTYPE OF FIVE SPECIES OF FRESHWATER SNAILS OF THE FAMILY VIVIPARIDAE

ZHOU DUN ZHOU MI(Department of Biology, Wuhan University, Wuhan)Wu ZHENDONG (Shanghai Fisheries College, Shanghai)  
The karyotypes of five species of fresh water snails were studied. These snails belonging to the subfamily Bellamyinae of Viviparidae were collected in the suburbs of the city of Wuhan, Hubei province, China.The chromosomes were prepared from the cells of the early embryos, of which the shell has not yet been developed , by flamedrying method.The karyotypes of both Cipangopaludina chinesis (Gray) and C. cathayensis (Heude) are the same as 2n = 18, 10m+6sm+2st, NF34. The diploid chromosome number of these two species showed no difference from other species of the same genus so far reported. The karyo-type of three Bellamya species, Bellamya quadrata (Benson), B. angularisa (Muller) and B. acruginosa (Reeve) are much alike as 2n = 16, 4m+8sm + 4st, NF28. except that B. aerugi-nosa is characterized by two pairs of the chromosomes m and sm, each with a secondary constriction and satellite frequently on the short arms. The diploid chromosome number of the three Bellamya species is much less than that of two Indian species of the same genus previously described. The morphological features between the individuals of Bellamya quadrata-collected from the south-lake population and from the east-lake population are much different. However, no apparent difference in their karyotypes has ken found.
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