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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 1992-02
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FOOD PREFERENCE AND CONSUMPTION OF STRIPED HAMSTERS(CR1CETULUS BARABENSIS)

WANG SHU-QING YANG HE-FANG HAO SHOU-SHEN ZHANG ZHI-BIN(Institute of Zoology, Academia, Beijing 100080)XU TON-QIN(Monitoring Station of Disease and Insect, Raoyang, Hebei province)  
Striped hamster is a common species of rodents in the farmland of north China. The investigation on food preference and food consumption of striped hamsters was carried out in the farmland area in Hebei province, China during 1983-1989.According to the occurrence frequency of food carried in cheek pouches per hundred individuals, striped hamsters mainly ate crop seeds, at the sometime also consumed grass seeds, roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits and animals. Daily food consumption averaged 4-5g. Wheat was grown in the field more than other crops, but striped hamsters consumed peanut most, and wheat second.This study showed that there was considerable seasonal disparity in their feeding propensities. They took peanut as thir major food in spring and winter, wheat in summer. They ate animals in spring and summer more than in autumn and winter. It showed that striped hamsters ate animals in the reproductive period more than in other periods. They ate green vegetation in spring more than other seasons. Seasonal changes in the diets of striped hamster were the responses to the change of food resources provided by vegetation, insects and so on.The frequency of seeds, roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits and animals carried in cheek pouches of the females was more than that of the males. This is a strategy that can maximize reproductive effort and survival of the young.The striped hamsters preferred the kind of food which contained higher quantities of proteins. The nutrient content of the food was the principal factor influencing the food selection of the striped hamsters. The availability of food could also influence the food selection of striped hamsters.
【Key Words】: Striped hamster Food selection Nutrient content Availability of food.
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