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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 1994-03
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THE HETEROGENEITY OF SPATIOTEMPORAL PATTERNS OF NEKTON COMMUNITY STRUCTURE IN THE COASTAL WATERS OF YELLOW SEA AND BOHAI SEA

ZHU XIN-HUA, WU HE-ZHOU, XU FENG-SHAN (Institute of Oceanology, Academia Sinica, Qingdao 266071) ZHAO ZI-JING,YE MAO-ZHONG (Shandong Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Yantai 264000)  
The interrelationship between community structure of nekton and its spatiotemporal patterns of heterogeneity was examined by exploiting the data collected from a series of comprehensive ecological investigations along Liaodong Bay (Liaoning) to the estuary of Changjiang(Yangtze River)within 20 isobath from 1980 to 1985. It was inscribed that there were 185 nekton in the community, including 177 fishes and cephalopoda, taking up 52. 23% of the total species impregnated in the whole Yellow Sea and Bobai Sea, which could be associated concurrently in three faunistic components: warm water (WW), warm temperate (WT) and cold temperate (CT),diversified into different ecological components, such as occasionals,seasonals and regulars. The rates dominated by 31 regulars of the WT in the NED(Ecological Density in Number) and BED (Ecological Density in Biomass) were 68. 86% and 65. 59%, respectively. Meanwhile, 34 occasionals of the WW were only accounted for 0. 10% and 0. 19% of the community composition. Systematic clustering for time-series around the year was adopted to depict the temporal variability of the dominant assemblage. It revealed two distinctive groups: one is warm- seasoned group, mainly resulted from the data of the BED in the period from May to September,the other based on the NED between October and April. And,each of them was characterized by a significant relationship of alternate utilization of coastal waters as breeding or nursery grounds by different faunistic components,and spatially heterogeneous changes in the oceanographic factors such as circulation and warm or cold mass. In accordance with the integrated analysis of the spatiotemporal structure of the nekton community in the coastal regimes, it appeared remarkable that there was a tendency of miniaturization to structuralizing the community, dominated by low-quality and small-sized clupeid, such as anchovies, Setipinna taty (C. et V.), japanese anchovy, Engraulis japonicus Schlegel, and gizzard-shad,Clupanodon punctatus (Schlegel), scaled sardine,Sardinslla zunasi Bleeker, and red-nosed anchovy,Thrissa kammalensis (Bleeker). The total took up 50. 45 % and 34. 41 of the NED and BED, respectively. Contrary to the increase of ecological components of these smaller fishes in the community,the traditional commercial fisheries resources,such as little yellow croaker, Pseudosciaena polyactis Bleeker, large yellow croaker, Pseudosciaena crocea (Richardson),chinese herring, Ilisha elongata (Bennett)and hairtail, Trichiurus japonicus T. et S.,made up 24. 43% of the catch quota in the whole Yellow Sea and Bobal Sea in 50's. At present, the catch of these species was dramatically declined to 6. 20% in 80's,which is concordant with the analysis of the community structure at the ratio of 2. 65 % and 3.18% of the hairtail and little yellow croaker in the NED and BED,respectively. The reason that led to shifting of ecological niche is substantially attributed to the speedy expansion in fishing effort over the target species in breeding and nursery grounds,which resulted in the decrease of both parent stocks and juveniles of nekton. Judged by the requirement of conservation of marine biodiversity,it is an urgent task to implement a systematic program on conduction of long term monitoring of ecosystem in the coastal waters.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金第3870372号
【CateGory Index】: Q958
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