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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 1996-03
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REPRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF SIMOCEPHALUS HIMALAYENSIS MICRODUS (CRUSTACEA: CLADOCERA)

SHI XIN-LU; SHI XIN-BAI (Ocean University of Qingdao, Open Laboratory on Aquacultural Research of State Education, 266003) (Department of Biology, Harbin Normal University, Harbin 150080)  
The reproduction, life span and embryonic development of Simocephalus himalayensis microdus were studied. The results showed that the animal undergoes four juvenile instars, fifteen adult instars and an average life span of 48. 7± 8. 92 days at 20± 1 ℃. The average individual comulative egg production is 361. 1± 21. 50 and maximum reproduction is attained in the 10th instar (6th adult instar). It has been shown that the body-length and the quantity of egg reproduction of the first generation individuals from the winter eggs (fertilized eggs) are higher than those of their next generation from parthenogenetic eggs. Unlike many species in the genus Daphnia, the sexual reproduction of the present species is related to the lowered temperature instead of to the scarcity of food. Therefore it belongs to the monocyclic type in nature, i. e. only one sexual reproductive climax appears in the autumn when the water temperature drops. A special copulational behaviour before oviposition has been observed, and this is an adaptation to the backstrode swimming behavior of the species. Detail descriptions on the development in both winter and parthenogenetic eggs are presented.
【Fund】: 蔡火石生物科学发展基金;; 国家教委水产养殖开放实验室基金的资助。
【CateGory Index】: Q954
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