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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 1997-01
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EFFECTS OF FOOD COMPOSITION ON ENTEROCHROMAFFIN CELLS IN THE GUT MUCOSA OF RAT

YANG Gui-Bo WANG Ping(College of Life Sciences,Peking University,Beijing 100871, China)  
In order to gain an insight into the relationship between the number and distribution of gut endocrine cells and the specialized feeding behaviour of mammals, the effects of changes of food composition on the number and distribution of enterochromaffin (EC) cells in the gut mucosa of 4 groups of female Wistar rats ( 5 per group) were studied by delecting the 5-HT - containing cells using immunohistochemical methods. No detectable abnormality in growth of these rats were observed after 38 days of food alteration. Although the number of 5-HT immunoreactive cells changes only slightly after the content of rice bran in the food doubled, their distribution pattern changes significantly. The number of 5-HT immunoreactive cells decreases and their distribution changes significantly after the content of rice bran or of both the rice bran and wheat bran in the food reduced to 10% . These results suggest that the number as well as the distribution pattern of EC cells can be affected by food composition, and indicate that the inter-species differencesin the number and distribution of gastrointestinal endocrine cells, at least of EC cells , are related to the differences in feeding behaviour, which might be the results of natural selection during the long course of evolution. This is informative in the understanding of the biological significance of the alterations of gut endocrine cells in the evolutionary course of animals with different feeding habits.
【CateGory Index】: Q952
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