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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 2001-03
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EFFECT OF IMPOSED STERILITY AND REMOVAL ON REPRODUCTIVITY AND POPULATION SIZE OF RATLIKE HAMSTER IN ENCLOSURES 

ZHANG Zhi Bin ZHANG Jian Xu WANG Fu Sheng WANG Yu Shan WANG Yong Qing CAO Xiao Ping (National Key Laboratory of Integrated Pest Management, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China)  
The effect of imposed sterility and culling on the reproductivity and population size of Ratlike hamster ( Cricetulus triton) in enclosures was studied by using surgical operation. This study aims to testify two modeling predictions: fertility control can achieve similar result as simple culling, and sterility of both sexes can achieve an extra result in reducing reproductivity of hamsters. The key factors in population regulation of the hamster were also discussed. The experiment was composed of 4 treatments, 2 replicates for each treatment: Control (9 normal males+9 normal females);Culling (3 normal males+3 normal females );Female and male sterility (3 normal males+3 normal females+6 sterile males+6 sterile females);Female sterility (9 normal males+3 normal females+6 sterile females). The results by using one way ANOVA analysis indicated that the average reproductivity of control group and culling group were higher than that of female sterility group, Female and male sterility group, and the average reproductivity of female sterility tended to be larger than that of female and male sterility. There were no significant difference between normal and sterile adults, females and males adults, male and female juveniles. The sex ratio of female:male is 53∶49=1 0816∶1,not significantly different from the ratio of 1∶1. The growth of body mass was well fit by logistic model. The relative growth rate of sterile female and the maximum body mass were larger than those of normal female. The relative growth rate of normal male was smaller than that of normal female. When food and water were abundant, the density dependent social factor did not affect the reproductivity, which implied that food instead of social factor might be the key factor in determining the change of reproductivity of the hamster in field. In the enclosures, the survival rate of males was lower than that of females and the survival rate of juveniles was obviously lower than that of adults. The survival rate of confined adults was very similar to that of adults in field, but the survival rate of the confined juveniles was obviously lower than that of juveniles in field. This implied that the impact of density dependent social pressure would affect the mortality, especially that of juveniles.
【Key Words】: Ratlike hamster ( Cricetulus triton) Reproductivity Body mass Growth Population regulation Fertility control Rodent control
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金杰出青年项目( 3 982 5 10 5 );; 重点项目 ( 3 973 0 0 90 ) ;; 中国科学院重大和重点项目 (KZ95 1 B1 10 6;KZ95 2 S
【CateGory Index】: S443
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