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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 2001-04
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PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS AMONG CROTALINAE BASED ON MITOCHONDRIAL CYTOCHROME B GENE SEQUENCE VARIATIONS 

ZHOU Ji-Liang ①② ZHANG Ya-Ping ② HUANG Mei-Hua ① CHEN Yong-Jiu ② CHEN Xiao-Qing ① YAO Geng-Dong ① (①College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou\ 310031, China) (②Open Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Evolution, Kunmin  
Crotalinae are biomedically important, venomous snakes that are distributed across Asia and western Hemisphere. Phylegenetic relationships and taxonomy of these pit-vipers belonged to genus Gloydius remains controversial. This paper analyzed the phylogenetic relationships and classification of pit- vipers(Viperidae, Crotalinae, Gloydius) which are distributed in China based on mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequence variations. We have sequenced mtDNA cytochrome b gene 789 bp or 744 bp fragment from Gloydius saxatilis (Emelianov), Gloydius shedaoensis (Zhao), Gloydius strauchii (Bedriaga), Gloydius strauchii monticola (Werner), Gloydius ussurriensis (Emelianov), Trimeresurus stejnegeri Schmidt and Gloydius brevicaudus (Stejneger) from two different localities. Sequence compositions and variations were analyzed with MEGA1.02 software. Comparison of aligned sequences revealed 157 variable and 154 phylogenetically informative sites. Combined with the sequence of Dinodon semicarinatus from GenBank,one most-parsimonious tree was derived from heuristic search using the Maximum-parsimony analysis in PAUP4.02b software. Our molecular data show T. stejnegeri is the most basal taxon in our pit-viper samples, and the clade consist of G. strauchii and G. strauchii monticola which are distributed in Hengduan mountain area is sister group with another clade consist of G. brevicaudus, G. ussurriensis, G. shedaoensis, G. saxatilis which are distributed in northeast China. Our results support the following conclusions: (1) Gloydius origicnoted from two areas:northeast China and Hengduan Mountain area;(2) we discussed the origin of G. shedaoensis, and showed that is a subspecies of G. Saxatilis;(3) G. ussurriensis and G. brevicaudus are classified as two species.
【Fund】: 浙江省自然科学基金资助项目 (C0 10 30 7)&&
【CateGory Index】: Q78
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