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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 2002-06
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SEASONAL CHANGES IN THE GENETIC DIVERSITY OF RAT-LIKE HAMSTER(CRICETULUS TRITON) POPULATIONS

WANG Yong Qing ZHANG Zhi Bin ** WANG Yu Shan XU Lai Xiang WANG Fu Sheng CAO Xiao Ping (State Key Laboratory of Integrated Pest Management of Agriculture, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing\ 100080, China)  
The genetic diversity of rat like hamster( Cricetulus triton) populations in Hebei Province,China was investigated using the randomly amplified polymorphic DNA(RAPD) method through the polymerase chain reaction(PCR). Eighty seven discernible DNA fragments were isolated from the DNA of 209 rat like hamsters(spring population 60, summer population 45, autumn population 59, winter population 45), of which over 86 2% were polymorphic. The proportion of polymorphic loci, Shannon index and Neis index showed similar seasonal trends, genetic diversity being highest in spring and lowest in autumn irrespective of which method was used. These seasonal changes in genetic diversity do not support the Ford hypothesis. We propose a new hypothesis, “The Reproduction and Dispersal Balanced Hypothesis” to explain the seasonal changes in genetic diversity we observed. The genetic diversity of a population cannot simply be described by the Ford hypothesis in terms of natural selection alone. The genetic relationship among individuals, which is mainly determined by dispersal, also affects the genetic diversity of a population.
【Key Words】: Rat like hamster( Crecetulus triton ) RAPD Genetic polymorphism Genetic regulation Population dynamics
【Fund】: 中国科学院重要创新方向 (KSCX2 SW 10 3 ;KSCX2 1 0 3 );; 国家自然科学基金重点项目 (3 973 0 0 90 ;3 982 5 10 5 )~~
【CateGory Index】: Q953
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