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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 2002-06
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HUANG Xiao\ GUO Yi\|Qing\ CHENG Han\|Hua\ ZHOU Rong\|Jia  (College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430072,P.R.China)  
The mechanisms of sexual development and regulation display extraordinary diversity between phyla. However, recent studies show that there must be underlying evolutionary conservatism between different mechanisms. In order to examine evolutionary conservatism in molecular mechanisms of sex determination, the natural sex reversal process of the rice field eel (Monopterus albus) was used to identify conserved functional genes involved in sex determination and differentiation. Firstly, a mini cDNA library was constructed from the cDNAs expressed specifically in the human testis. The cDNA library was screened with first strand cDNA probes from the intersex gonads of rice field eels. Secondly, likely positive clones were arrayed onto two nylon membranes, which were then hybridized with the first strand cDNAs probes from rice field eel intersex and female gonads respectively. Two positive clones were obtained, which showed obvious differential expression between intersex and female gonads. DNA sequencing analysis reveal that the insert fragments of these two clones were 895 bp and 596 bp long respectively. BLAST results indicate that the 895 bp fragment is the 3′ part of the No.AJ011779 gene, located on 6q21, encoding a homologue of yeast Sec63p protein. An interesting finding is that one member of the human Sec gene family, Sec61γ , is expressed in the testis and involved in the process of testis development. The 596 bp fragment was 97% identical with the No.BG723880 EST, located on clone RP11 12M5 of chromosome 1 This needs further study. We infer that these two genes should also play a role in sexual development.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目 (编号 :3 0 14 0 0 13 )~~
【CateGory Index】: Q953
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