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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 2003-06
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Effects of vitamin C and acid-stress on serum complement C3 and C4 level in juvenile soft-shelled turtles (Pelodiscus sinensis)

ZHOU Xian Qing ①② NIU Cui Juan ①** SUN Ru Yong ① (① Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering, Institute of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China) (② Department of Laboratory Animal Sciences, Capital University of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100054, China)  
This study was conducted to investigated the effects of dietary vitamin C on serum complement C3 and C4 in stressed and unstressed juvenile soft shelled turtle. The turtles were fed with vitamin C supplementation at dosages of 0, 250, 500, 2 500 , 5 000 and 10 000 mg/kg diets, respectively for 4 weeks. Blood was collected from turtles and levels of serum complement C3 and C4 analyzed by the transmission colorimetric method. Levels of serum complement C3 between the control group and the group supplemented vitamin C at 250 mg/kg diet showed no significant difference. The levels of serum complement C3 in the four groups supplemented with vitamin C at 500, 2 500, 5 000 and 10 000 mg/kg diet were significantly higher compared with the control group. The level of serum complement C4 in the group supplemented vitamin C at 500 mg/kg diet was distinctly higher than the other five groups, and in the group supplemented with vitamin C at 250 mg/kg diet was higher than 10 000 mg/kg group. After acid stress, the complement C3 levels had no significant difference compared with the ones of before stress, while there was a significant decrease after stress when the three groups supplemented vitamin C at 0, 250 and 500 mg/kg diet were put together to analyze. The levels of serum complement C4 in the three groups supplemented with vitamin C at 0, 250 and 500 mg/kg diet decreased significantly, while the other groups at 2 500 , 5 000 and 10 000 mg/kg diet had no significant difference after acid stress. No interaction effects of vitamin C and acid stress on the levels of serum complement C3 and C4 were observed. These results suggest that vitamin C seems to have an upper and lower threshold for improving levels of serum complement C3 and C4 in turtles, and acid stress decreases the their levels, while the high dosage vitamin C can prevent this decline.
【Fund】: 中国科学院水生生物研究所淡水生态和生物技术国家重点实验室开放课题资助~~
【CateGory Index】: S917
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