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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 2004-02
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Differences in diet and echolocation in four sympatric bat species and their respective ecological niches

MA Jie 1,3,Walter METZNER2,LIANG Bing1,ZHANG Li-Biao1,ZHANG Jin-Shuo1, ZHANG Shu-Yi 1**,SHEN Jun-Xian 3** 1.Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China 2.Department of Physiological Science, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1606, USA 3.Laboratory of Visual Information Processing, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China  
The morphology, diet and echolocation characteristics of four bat species roosting in the same cave were studied in Fangshan District of Beijing from the beginning of May, 2002 to the middle of September, 2003. The four sympatric species were: Rickett's big-footed bat Myotis ricketti, Large mouse-eared bat M. chinensis, Greater horseshoe bat Rhinolophus ferrumequinum and Greater tube-nosed bat Murina leucogaster. M. ricketti, comprising 68.8% of the individuals found in the cave, always foraged on freshwater fishes, such as Zacco platypus(Cyprindidae, Leuciscinae) and two minnows(Carassius auratus and Phoxinus lagowskii). Its brief frequency-modulated(FM) echolocation pulse contained most energy at 41.87±1.07 kHz. R. ferrumequinum preyed mostly on moths(Lepidoptera, Insecta; 73% of volume percentage) and emitted calls with a constant frequency(CF) component around 74.70±0.13 kHz. The dominant prey of M. chinensis consisted of ground-dwelling beetles(65.4%,Carabidae and Silphidae, Coleoptera). It emitted FM calls with a characteristic frequency at 35.73±0.92 kHz. Finally, M. leucogaster used high frequency calls(max. energy around 59.47±1.50 kHz) to detect small aerial beetles(90%) of Cantharoidea and Coccinellidae. These results demonstrated that the four sympatric bat species were highly adapted to different foraging habitats and strategies which is also reflected in the remarkably different, species-specific echolocation calls and morphological characteristics. The present work suggests that the trophic resource partitioning and spatial differences in foraging niches represent the major mechanism for the co-existence of this particular bat community
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金杰出青年基金(No.30025007)和面上基金(No.30170250);; 重大研究计划(No.90208012);; 中国科学院知识创新工程创新项目及其重要创新方向(KSCX3IOZ03 KSCX2SW118);; 科技部基础研究重大项目前期研究专项(2100CCA00700);; 美国国家卫生研究所基金(NationalI
【CateGory Index】: Q958
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