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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 2004-06
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Adaptation of birds to life in high mountains in Eurasia

Roald L. POTAPOV Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia  
The paucity of the avifauna of the Eurasian highlands (only 75 species breed regularly above the timber line) is determined by severe natural conditions and scarcity of food sources. Principal adaptations to meet these conditions are in modes of flight, including morphological peculiarities connected with them, choice of time of breeding and nesting places which optimize use of microclimate and camouflage, limitation of clutch size, mode of transportation of food to nestlings, and protection from strong ultraviolet radiation and atmospheric desiccation. Most life history characteristics of Eurasian highland bird life need further research
【CateGory Index】: Q958
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