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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 2005-03
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Analysis of environmental factors on geographical distribution of Chinese chiroptera

LI Yu-Chun 1,2 ,MENG Yi-Hang 2,ZHANG Li-Cun 2,YE Qing 2 1.Institute of Rare Animals & Plants,China West Normal University,Nanchong,Sichuan 637002,China 2.Hainan Wildlife Conservation and Research Center,Department of Biology,Hainan Normal University,Haikou,Hainan Province 571158  
We extracted data about environmental factors of 90 Chinese Chiroptera species at known distribution points by using GIS,and conducted PCA and stepwise regression analyses to evaluate impacts of these environmental factors on geographical distribution and species density of Chinese Chiroptera.Our results show that impacts of these environmental factors on geographical distributions of Chinese Chiroptera are in order of annual average temperature,days of temperature above zero degree,January average temperature,days of annual frostless season,annual rainfall,annual average relative humidity,July average temperature,altitude,and annual sunshine hours;however,annual sunshine hours and altitude are of negative impact.Annual rainfall is the determining environmental factor on Chinese Chiroptera species density distribution,and annual average temperature also has relatively significant affect.The authors suggest that geographical distribution of Chiroptera is limited by climate factors mainly related to winter hibernation and daily duration for activity and feeding,but species density distribution is decided by resources abundance of food items which are usually related to rainfall.In addition,our results also imply that vegetation types do not distinctly influence species density distribution of Chiroptera;although more Chiroptera species distribute Karst and Volcano lava physiognomies reasonably due to caves for inhabiting,red beds have highest species density of Chiroptera,perhaps seasonably due to its southern distribution and patched dispersion.
【Key Words】: Chinese Chiroptera Geographical distribution Environmental factor Species density distribution
【Fund】: 日本自然保护协会(NASC-J)海外基金;; 四川省重点学科重点资助基金(No·SZD0420);; 海南师范大学博士启动基金;; 海南省生态学重点学科博士启动基金资助项目~~
【CateGory Index】: Q958.2
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