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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 2006-01
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Difference of parental contributions in the reproduction of Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei

WANG Hong-Xia, WU Chang-Gong, XIANG Jian-Hai **Experimental Marine Biology Laboratory, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, Shandong, China  
The difference between parents contributing to reproduction was detected using five hyper-variable microsatellite DNA loci with unique alleles. Parentage of offspring in a stock of cultured Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei was unambiguously determined using these five loci. Only eight of ten parents actually contributed to the production of offspring tested in this experiment. Different individuals showed large variance in parental contributions. The highest and the lowest parental contributions were 54.28% and 8.57%, respectively. The number of alleles per locus in the offspring was lower(11.11%) than that of their parents. The average heterozygosity of offspring and polymorphic information content(PIC)etc were lower than those of their parents. In this study, the difference of parental contributing to reproduction is one of the reasons for loss of genetic variability in hatchery populations. Microsatellite markers with rare alleles were effective tool for unambiguous parentage determination and estimation of genetic diversity in hatchery populations of Pacific white shrimp
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(No.30230280);; 国家高技术发展计划(863)(No.2004AA603310)资助~~
【CateGory Index】: S917.4
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