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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 2006-05
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Molecular systematics of morphologically similar fishes in the Schizothoracinae in Nanmenxia River, with implication for morphological convergent evolution

QI De-Lin1, GUO Song-Chang1, TANG Wen-Jia2, YANG Jie1, ZHAO Xin-Quan 11. Northwest Plateau Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Science, Xining 810001, China2. Fishery Environmental Monitoring Station of Qinghai Provice, Xining 810012, China  
With the human activities and changes in water systems due to uplifting of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, gene flow between the schizothoracine fishes distributed in the Nanmenxia River and other upper reaches of the Yellow River has been limited for a long time. As a small and isolated group in a special niche, the investigation of the taxonomic status and evolutionary status of these fishes is important to further understand what has caused the rapid speciation and high levels of biodiversity in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. In this study, the complete sequences of the mitochondrial cyt b gene from 29 individuals of schizothoracine fishes in the Nanmanxia River and 19 individuals representing other relatively closed species were sequenced. Among the aligned sequences of 29 individuals of schizothoracine fishes in the Nanmanxia River, 100(8.77%) nucleotide sites were variable, and a total of 16 haplotypes was identified. The phylogenetic analyses showed that 5 haplotypes(NMX3, 6, 7, 13, 15)from the Nanmanxia River clustered with the relatively closed species Gymnocypris eckloni and Gymnocypris przewalskii, and together formed a monophyletic clade with high boostrap values(99% for the MP tree and 98% for Bayesian tree). The remaining 11 haplotypes(NMX1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16) together with Schizopygopsis pylzovi from the upper reaches of the Yellow River formed another monophyletic clade(99% for both the MP tree and Bayesian tree). The sequence divergence between two groups distributed in different clades showed significant(average 7.42%), and together with the results of phylogenetic analyses suggested that schizothoracine fishes in the Nanmanxia River may be a morphologically similar species complex, consisting of two species, Gymnocypris eckloni and Schizopygopsis pylzovi. The natural selective pressure resulted from the changes of the water system and climatic conditions due to uplifts of the plateau, may have promoted adaptive convergence of their morphological characters.
【Fund】: 国家“973”基础研究项目(No.2005CB422005)资助~~
【CateGory Index】: Q959;Q951
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