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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 2008-02
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Effects of temperature and salinity on the embryonic development of Pungitius sinensis

BIAN Shao-Lei 1,2,ZHAO Ya-Hui1,ZHANG Jie1,ZHAO Xin-Ru3,ZHANG Chun-Guang 11.Institute of Zoology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China3.Scool of Life Sciences,Normal University of Beijing,Beijing 100875,China  
The present study investigates the embryonic development of Pungitius sinensis from the Huaijiu River,Beijing,China.Eggs and spermatozoa were obtained respectively from females and males matured naturally.Fertilized eggs were kept in fresh water at 14℃ and the development of embryos was observed immediately after artificial fertilization.The first cleavage occurred at 1 h 40 min,epiboly began at 9 h 30 min,the embryonic body was formed at 28 h 25 min and hatching occurred at 121 h 20 min after insemination.Thermal and salinity tolerance were also examined,to determine how temperature and salinity affect embryonic development in this species.Results showed that the development threshold temperature was 4.7℃.14.0℃-16.0℃ was the most suitable water temperature for development,and this temperature was consistent with average water temperature,during the height of the spawning season.When compared with normal strains,cultured at water temperature of 14℃-16℃,percentages of abnormality and fry mortality were much higher at 22.5℃.The maximum lethal temperature for this species was 25℃.In contrast to other species of sticklebacks,P.sinensis did not tolerate high salinity.The hatching rate was 100% at 0‰ salinity,and dramatically decreased to 56% when the salinity increased to 8‰,The maximum lethal salinity was 20‰.
【Fund】: 北京市园林局“北京城市建成区生物多样性现状评价及其保护规则”;; “国家基础科学人才培养基金(No.NSFC-J0030092)”项目的资助~~
【CateGory Index】: Q954.4
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