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《Acta Zoologica Sinica》 2008-04
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Seasonality and flock size affect responses of the reed parrotbill Paradoxornis heudei to human approach

XIONG Li-Hu,LU Jian-Jian The State Key Laboratory of Coastal and Estuarine Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China  
Parrotbills Paradoxornis heudei alone or in flocks responded to humans by showing sentinel behavior and alarm-calling. As flock size increased, parrotbills tended to show a combination of sentinel behavior and alarm-calling. The proportion of flocks which showed sentinel behavior and alarm-calling in response to human approach changed significantly seasonally (P0.001), and these proportions were positively correlated with flock size (sentinel behavior: r=0.747, P0.001; alarm-calling:r=0.770,P0.001).Variance component analysis showed that the ratio of variance induced by flock size was higher than that induced by seasonality (alarm-calling: 12.76% by seasonality vs 83.10% by flock size; sentinel behavior: 10.03% by seasonality vs 86.85% by flock size). Thus, the response of reed parrotbills to human approach was more influenced by flock size than seasonality. Our study indicated that seasonal changes in vigilance responses of reed parrotbills to human approach is mainly affected by flock size.
【Fund】: 上海市科委科技攻关项目(No.06DZ12301和No.05DZ12008);; 上海市科委重大科技项目(No.04DZ12049)~~
【CateGory Index】: Q958
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