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《NORTHERN FRUITS》 2000-01
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Study on the Effects of Ground Cover on the leaf PhysiologicalActivity of Apple Tree on Dry Calcareous Soil

LanYanPing CaoHui NiuJunLing(Shanxi Agricultural University,Taigu,030801)  
A ground cover experiment was conducted on Starkrinson in LiJiazhuang orchard in PingDing county of ShanXi province in 1995~1998,where the soil is developed from calcareous stone.It's observed that planting Dactylic glomerata and Bromuis inermis between tree lines promoted the physiological activity of the leaves on different parts of newshoots,the weight of 100 leaves increase by 4.75%~33.9%,the leaf area increased by 16.26%~29.6%,the content of chlorophyll increased by 7.07%~20.37%,the rate of photosynthesis improved by 13.07%~27.26%,the rate of dark respiration rose by 2.76%~17.53%.To leaves on different kinds of branches,the weight of 100 leaves increased by 4.60%~13.24%,the leaf area increased by 2.72%~12.54%,the content of chlorothyll increased by 6.49%~18.63%,the rate of photosynthesis improved by 13.82%~40.24%,the rate of dark respiration rose by 2.23%~25.00%.The rate of fruit-setting improved by 5.45%and 3.33%,The yield of per plant increased by 58.68% and 53.52%
【CateGory Index】: S605
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