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《Journal of Northern Jiaotong University》 2005-04
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SAR Differential Interferometry Technology Application to Earthquake Regional Deformation Surveying

TAN Qu-lin, FU Zhuo, HU Ji-ping(School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044,China)  
SAR differential interferometry is an up-to-date measurement technology for terrain deformation. In this paper, an application example concerning Mani earthquake in Tibet, occurred on Nov. 8, 1997, is presented. In this paper, the distribution of surface deformation and extract displacement information of the earthquake rupture zone using SAR differential interferometry are studied. The data set related to our study area are ERS1/2 SLC SAR images (April 15, April 16, 1996 ERS-1 and Dec. 2, 1997 ERS-2) provided by European Space Agency. We analyzed factors related to the surface deformation detecting interferogram along the Margaichace-Ruolacuo fault under the special regional environmental conditions. From the resultant changing interferogram of Mani Earthquake, the surface rupture zone can be recognized. Also we concluded from analyzing the fringe patterns that left-lateral shear movement is the whole deforming mechanism, furthermore, the offsets are quantitatively estimated. We inferred that the horizontal offset displacement for the southern side at least reaches 2.8 m and 1.75 m at least for the northern side of the fault. All these results greatly correspond with the ground measurements and its related research documents.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(40401037);; 北京交通大学校基金资助项目(2004SM036)
【CateGory Index】: P225.1
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