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《Northern Horticulture》 2007-08
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Selection of High-oil Walnut Cultivars

CHEN Ji-chen,ZHANG Yong,GAO Tong-yu,LIU Fa-ying,TIAN Jun(Science & Technology Development Experiment Base of Mentougou,Beijing 102308)  
Through systematic analysis of the nut weight,kernel weight,kernel rate,oil percentage and fatty acid composition of 19 walnut cultivars in Mentougou District of Beijing,we concluded that there exists distinct difference in the oil yield of these cultivars,and the general results indicated that Lvbo,Xiluo 2# and Lipin 1# showed the best performance in producing oil,with the oil percentage of 75.40%,72.72% and 72.52% respectively.Besides,Lvbo and Liaohe 3# were excellent at alpha-linolenic acid percentage,with the percentage of 12.80% and 12.76% respectively,and Xiluo 2# and Lipin 1# were excellent at palm acid percentage,with the percentage of 10.84% and 10.79% respectively.As for other fatty acids,Zhonglin 6# and Luguang had the highest oleic acid percentage,which were 20.40% and 19.82% respectively.Zhonglin 6# and Lipin 1# had the highest stearic acid percentage,which reached 5.32% and 4.78% respectively.There seemed to be no significant difference in the linoleic acid percentage of all cultivars.The fruits of this study may be favorable on the construction of high-oil walnut orchards.
【Fund】: 北京市科技计划资助项目(Y0704002040691);; 北京市优秀人才资助项目(20051D0901701)
【CateGory Index】: S664.1
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