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《Northern Horticulture》 2010-05
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Research of Improving Measures on Tomato Continuous Cropping Soil in Greenhouse

XU Yong-li1,2,ZHANG Jun-ying1,2,YUAN Yue-guang3,GAO Feng3 (1.College of Resources and Environment,Hebei Polytechnic University,Key Laboratory of Mining Development and Safety Technology of Hebei Province,Tangshan,Hebei 063009;2.College of Resources and Environmental Science Agricultural University,Beijing 100094;3.Agricultural Agency of Dingzhou City,Dingzhou,Hebei 073000)  
Effects of manure vermicompost application rates(volume ratio):0%(CK),10%,20% and 30% were designed in the experiment on tomato growth and microbes in rhizosphere in greenhouse soil of continuous cropping under pot experiments were studied.The results showed that the increments of leaves and plant height were stimulated by vermicompost,the sequence of leaves increment rate and plant height were both in 30%10%,20%0%(CK),and the difference was significant(P0.05).Also the shoot dry weight and root fresh weight of tomato seedling grown in soil with vermicompost were more than that of control.At the same time,vermicompost inhibited fungi thrive in rhizosphere of tomato seedling.Comparing to control treatment,vermicompost accelerated available nutrients release in soil,the contents of available N,P,and K were more by 24.4%~56.0%,24.3%~55.9%,and 40.0%~57.1%,respectively.The difference between the 20% and 30% level of vermicompost was no significant in microbial populations and nutrients,it was believed that 20% addition into continuous soil was an appropriated rate.It was concluded that cow manure vermicompost eliminated continuous cropping soil problems by improving plant growth,microbial community,and by releasing more nutrients.It can be a good improvement agent for continuous soil and 20%(volume ratio) level was an appropriate rate.
【Fund】: 唐山市科技局资助项目(07160216B)
【CateGory Index】: S641.225.54
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