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《Northern Horticulture》 2010-13
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Study on the Seedling Substrates for the Hydroponic Pakchoi Cabbage

CHEN Yan-li1,GAO Xin-sheng2,LI Shao-peng1 (1.Key Laboratory of Protection and Development Utilization of Tropical Crop Germplasm Resources,Hainan University,Ministry of Education,College of Horticulture and Landscape,Hainan University,Danzhou,Hainan 571737;2.Rubber Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Tropical Agriculture Science,Danzhou,Hainan 571737)  
In order to study the appropriate seedlings substrates for the hydroponics pakchoi cabbage,the effects of five substrates(rockwool,flower foam,vermiculite,perlite,mixed medium(vermiculite∶perlite=2∶1)on the seedling development of the pakchoi cabbage were studied.The results showed that the emerged rate of the seeds in five treatments were all high,the seeds in flower foam and rockwool were relatively slow.From the morphologic indexes and seedling indexes of the pakchoi cabbage in different seedling stage,we can conclude that effect of cultivating seedling for the pakchoi cabbage in vermiculite was the best,which in mixed substrate was the second place,that in flower foam and perlite were similar,that in rockwool was the lowest.From the physiological indexes of the pakchoi cabbage in different seedling stage,we knew that the chlorophyll content,carotenoid content and soluble sugar of the seedling in flower foam were the highest 14 days after the cotyledon flatting.The physiological indexes of the pakchoi cabbage in vermiculite were the highest 28 days after the cotyledon flatting,and the differences in the treatments of vermiculite,mixed medium and flower foam were not significant,the physiological indexes of the pakchoi cabbage in rockwool were the lowest.Synthesizes various aspects the factor,the flower foam was the suitable substrate in this experiment.
【Fund】: 华南热带农业大学科技基金资助项目(Rnd0415);; 海南省自然科学基金资助项目(808118)
【CateGory Index】: S634.304.3
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