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《Northern Horticulture》 2011-15
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Influence of Different NPK Ratio on Fruit Yields and Quality of the China Kiwi

JIN Fang-lun,HAN Cheng-min,FENG Shi-hua,LI Ming,ZHOU Guang-ping,AO Xue-xi,XU Qiong,LUO Hui-xian(Guizhou Institute of Sericulture Pepper,Zunyi,Guizhou 563007)  
In order to provide theoretical basis for rational fertilization kiwi fruit,and for formulating scientific cultivation technique and management measures to provide the reference.Three consecutive years(2008~2010)for different fertilizer that influenced on Chinese kiwi fruit yields and quality were studied.The results showed that the kiwi of plant nutrition that influenced to grow and produce quality had significiant,nine processing effects were obviously superior to that of the control processing effect,which N∶P2O5∶K2O proportion to 10∶ 9.4∶10 works the best,followed by was N∶P2O5∶K2O ratio for 10∶7.2∶10 effect,the effect that potash to appropriately increase the kiwi surueyed vegetative growth and improve production quality,and in fruit NPK fertilizers in proportion with higher p ratio was helpful to improve the quality of fruit production,the low p ratio to plant nutrition grow.Different fertilizer period had effect on yangtao plant nutrition to grow and produce quality,in four processing,in mid-may fertilize had the best effect.It was helpful for tree branches elongation of growth,bold growth and improve fruit production quality.In considering of kiwi fruit fat,zhuang in order to choose N∶P2O5∶K2O ratio for 10∶ 9.4∶10 had better effect;Add fertilizer during mid-May,and combining with the conditions of tree potential weaknesses strengthen,adding root fertilizer according to the outside will be better.
【CateGory Index】: S663.4
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