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《Northern Horticulture》 2014-13
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Effect of Different Nitrogen Fertilizer Treatments on Yield and Quality of Greenhouse Kidney Bean

YANG Qi;MA Mao-ting;ZHAO Li-ping;AN Zhi-zhuang;ZHAO Tong-ke;Plant Science and Technology College,Beijing University of Agriculture;Institute of Plant Nutrition and Resources,Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences;  
Field plot experiment in cool climate was conducted to study the effect of slow-release nitrogen fertilizer(SLNF)and common urea(CU)on the yield and quality indicators of early,middle and later growing period of kidney bean(Phaseolus vulgaris L.).Results showed that compared with the local conventional fertilization,the yields of kidney bean treated by 150,240kg/hm2 SLNF and 450kg/hm2 CU increased by 10.42%,8.57%and 14.11%,respectively,and there were no significant differences among them.During growing period of kidney bean,the quality indicators showed different changing trends.The nitrate contents of the kidney bean in all treatments significantly increased,compared with the early stage,the highest increasing were in the treatments of 150,240kg/hm2 SLNF and 450kg/hm2 CU at late stage,and there were no significant differences among them;the vitamin C contents significantly increased,which were generally higher in the treatments of 150kg/hm2 SLNF and 450kg/hm2 than the others';the soluble sugar contents significantly decreased,in general,which were higher in the treatments of 150,240kg/hm2 SLNF and 450kg/hm2 CU than the others';protein content significantly increased at the middle stage,and decreased at the late stage,there were no significant differences among all treatments at the middle and late stages.In conclusion,low-level SLNF application had a good effect on maintaining stable yield and quality of kidney bean,In the meantime,it also could reduce the input of nitrogen fertilizer.
【Fund】: 农业部财政资助项目(Y905);; 国家科技支撑计划资助项目(2012BAD15B01)
【CateGory Index】: S643.9
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