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《Chinese Journal of Explosives & Propellants》 2006-02
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The Effects of Combustion Catalyst on the Thermal Decomposition of ADN

WAN Dai-hong~1,FU Qin~2,HUANG Hong-yong~2,LU Guo-qiang~2(1.Institute of Aerospace and Material Engineering,Nation University of Defence Technology Changsha 410073,China;2.Shanghai Xinfeng Chemical Institute,Huzhou zhejiang 313002,China)  
The effects of about ten kinds of combustion catalyst on the thermal decomposition of ADN were thoroughly studied by DTA and TG experiments under linear temperature increase condition and isothermal TG experiment.The kinetic parameters of the thermal degradation of ADN and mixture of ADN/catalyst was calculated by the DTA results at heating rate of 2,5,10,20℃·min~(-1).The results show that the catalysts(except Fe_2O_3) containing Fe or Cu obviously affect the thermal decomposition of ADN and make the thermolysis peak temperature decrease and the rate of mass loss of ADN expedite.The effects of the catalysts containing Cu were more salient,and their catalytic mechanism attribute to coacervation phase catalysis,and the catalytic mechanism of the catalysts which contains Fe belong to gas phase catalysis.While the catalysts containing ammonium salt or Ca as a result of NH_3 produced which bates proton diverting or better thermal stability matter coming into being during the thermal decomposition of mixture of ADN/catalyst,make the thermolysis peak temperature(T_p) and activation energy(E_a) of ADN increase,restraining the thermal decomposition of ADN.
【Fund】: 总装备部基金项目(41328030402)
【CateGory Index】: V511
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