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《Journal of Zhejiang College of Tcm》 2004-01
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Experimental Study on the Prevention and Treatment Effects of Tiangu Granule on Noise-induced Hearing Loss

Liu Jinhong,Wang Yonghua,Zhao Jinxiao,et al Zhejiang College of TCM,Hangzhou(310053)  
Objective:To observe the prevention and treatment effects of Tiangu granule on noise induced hearing loss in guinea pigs.Methods:The guinea pigs were divided into four groups:normal group,model group,prevention group and treatment group.The latter three groups were exposed to 4 KHz steady white noise at 110 dB SPL for 6 days intermittently(6h/d).Tiangu granule (15ml/kg/d,calculated in accordance with 30g/kg/d of the crude drug) was given to the prevention group and treatment group for 13 days beginning separately from the 7th day before noise exposure and the day after noise exposure,and the same volume of physiological saline was given to model group in the same time with prevention group.ABR(Auditory Brainstem Response)was used to assess the variation of the auditory function in each group of animals.The number of the outer hair cells was counted under the light microscope and the morphological changes of cochlea were observed under the scanning electronic microscope.Results:Compared to model group and treatment group,prevention group showed significantly lower ABR threshold( P 0 05),shorter latency ( P 0 01),more survival of outer hair cells( P 0 01)as well as slighter morphological lesion of cochlear hair cells.Compared to model group,treatment group showed significantly lower ABR threshold( P 0 05),shorter latency( P 0 01),but there was no significant difference between them in the survival of outer hair cells( P 0 05),and the morphological lesion of cochlear hair cells was also similar.Conclusion:Tiangu granule has obvious prevention effect on noise induced hearing loss.It also has certain treatment effect on improving auditory function.The prevention effect is much better than the treatment effect.
【Fund】: 浙江省中医管理局普通课题 (编号 :2 0 0 0C1 9)
【CateGory Index】: R285
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