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《Chinese Journal of Zoology》 1993-04
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INVESTIGATION ON THE BIOLOGY AND PROPAGATION OF CRUCIAN CARP IN TAI HU

YIN Mingcheng (Shanghai Fisheries University,200090)  
The biology and propagation of crucian carp Carassius auratus Linnaeu in Tai Hu had been investigated during 1979 to 1982,again in 1989.Eight hund red and eighty seven specimens were collected and studied.The age structure of these collections was composed of 5 age classes from age o to age 4 and the age group of o-2 contributed more than 90% of the collections.The growth of body length is faster in the first two years and then decreased greatly with age,but the body weight is increased with age(Table 3).The largest specimen collected male was 20.2era in length and 306.6g in weight,female was 24.5em in length and 512.4g in weight.The fish at- tained sex maturity at age 1.Spawning ocuures from April to August.The reproductive stock was formed by 4 age classes from age 1 to age 5.Fishes at age 1-2 contribuled 75.6% of the breeding stock(Table 5).The fecundity was varied from 1056 to 56187 and increased rapidly with age(Table 6).The population abundance was significantly decreased during 1960-1970s. and the present yield of the fish was lower than that in 1950s.In order to develop the population, thea author gave suggestions on regulating minimum mesh size and protecting the spawning ground.
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